1. The AAMC announces its 2013 AAMC Fee Assistance
The deadline for applying to the Gateways to the
Laboratory Program for Pre-MD/PhD students in New York City is February 1, 2013.
Disease Burden Links Ecology To Economic Growth, from Biocompare.com.
STAT===, News from the Association of American Medical Colleges, January 7,
OME: AACOM News on Osteopathic Medical
Education, Dec. 2012/Jan 2013 edition.
6. This, too, is
SCIENCE! “An In-Depth Analysis of a
Piece of Shit: Distribution of Schistosoma
mansoni and Hookworm Eggs in Human Stool.”
7. Marginalia: A question of scale.
AAMC announces its 2013 AAMC Fee Assistance Program.
We’re pleased to announce that
the 2013 AAMC Fee Assistance Program has opened and is now accepting
applications. Applicants with financial need who will be registering for an
MCAT exam or applying through AMCAS during the 2013 calendar year are
encouraged to apply. To ensure a timely eligibility decision, please
encourage them to apply for fee assistance well before the date they plan to
register for a testing date or submit the AMCAS application.
We’ve added another great
benefit for award recipients this year: an authorization code for access to
The Official MCAT Self-Assessment Package® (valued at $104). All of the MCAT,
MSAR, and AMCAS benefits are detailed on the Fee Assistance Program website: https://www.aamc.org/students/applying/fap/benefits/.
In addition, we’ve deployed a
technical enhancement to the application, which now allows applicants to
upload required supporting financial documentation directly to their
Applicants can begin the
application at www.aamc.org/fap.
If you have questions, please
contact an Advisor Relations Specialist at 202-828-0950 or visit www.aamc.org/contactamcas.
Best wishes for a productive
Fee Assistance Program Staff
The deadline for applying to the Gateways to the
Laboratory Program for Pre-MD/PhD students in New York City is February 1, 2013.
At the request of several advisors who wish to send targeted emails, I
hope this eligibility information helps. The Gateways to the
Laboratory Program is for:
Freshman and sophomores (at time of application) only.
Underrepresented minority and/or disadvantaged backgrounds
US Citizens/Permanent Residents
Students who wish to pursue the combined MD-PhD degrees after
If you have any further questions or recommendations, please
do not hesitate to contact me.
I am pleased to once again bring to your attention an excellent summer
program for students who wish to pursue the combined MD-PhD degree.
Gateways to the Laboratory Summer Program in New York City for Pre-MD/PhD
- Ideal for students who
wish to pursue the combined MD-PhD degree (this program is run by the
Weill Cornell/Rockefeller/Sloan-Kettering Tri-Institutional MD-PhD
- 10 weeks of
independent research at either Weill Cornell
Medical College, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center or The
Rockefeller University (all in NYC).
- Present &
participate in weekly journal clubs
- Scrub into surgeries
at New York Presbyterian Hospital.
- Give an oral, written
and poster presentation of your research in front of your family (who
are flown in for the event), friends and colleagues.
- Receive on going mentorship by your "Big Sib" (a
current MD-PhD student), as well as weekly meetings with the Program's
- Receive a stipend of
$4,300 (minus the cost of housing).
- Gateways alumni are
accepted and matriculate in the top MD-PhD Programs in the
For further information
(including eligibility) and an on-line application, please visit our website:
Please note, our application deadline is February
REMIND YOUR STUDENTS TO CHECK THE ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS.
If you have any questions,
please do not hesitate to contact me.
Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program
1300 York Avenue, Suite C-103
New York, NY 10065-4805
information, transmitted from Weill Cornell/Rockefeller/Sloan-Kettering
Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program is intended only for the person or entity
named above, and may contain legally confidential and/or privileged
material. Any forwarding, copying, disclosure, distribution, or other
use of this information by any person is prohibited. If you are not the
intended recipient, any review or taking of any action in reliance upon this
information is strictly prohibited. If you received this in error,
please contact the sender and delete the material from all computers.
Thursday, December 27,
: Public Library of Science
A new study, published December 27 in the open access
journal PLOS Biology,
finds that vector-borne and parasitic diseases have substantial effects on
economic development across the globe, and are major drivers of differences
in income between tropical and temperate countries. The burden of these
diseases is, in turn, determined by underlying ecological factors: it is
predicted to rise as biodiversity falls. This has significant implications
for the economics of health care policy in developing countries, and advances
our understanding of how ecological conditions can affect economic growth.
According to conventional economic wisdom, the
foundation of economic growth is in political and economic institutions.
"This is largely Cold War Economics about how to allocate property
rights—with the government or with the private sector," says Dr Matthew
Bonds, an economist at Harvard Medical School, and the lead author of the new
study. However, Dr Bonds and colleagues were interested instead in biological
processes that transcend such institutions, and which might form a more
fundamental economic foundation.
The team was intrigued by the fact that tropical
countries are generally comprised of poor agrarian populations while
countries in temperate regions are wealthier and more industrialized. This
distribution of income is inversely related to the burden of disease, which
peaks at the equator and falls along a latitudinal gradient. Although it is
common to conclude that economics drives the pattern of disease, the authors
point out that most of the diseases that afflict the poor spend much of their
life-cycle outside the human host. Many cannot even survive outside the
tropics. Their distribution is largely determined by ecological factors, such
as temperature, rainfall, and soil quality.
Because of the high correlations between poverty and
disease, determining the effects of one on the other was the central
challenge of their statistical analysis. Most previous attempts to address
this topic ignored disease ecology, argue Bonds and colleagues. The team
assembled a large data set for all of the world's nations on economics,
parasitic and infectious vector-borne diseases, biodiversity (mammals, birds
and plants) and other factors. Knowing that diseases are partly determined by
ecology, they used a powerful set of statistical methods, new to macroecology, that allowed variables that may have
underlying relationships with each other to be teased apart.
The results of the analysis suggest that infectious
disease has as powerful an effect on a nation's economic health as
governance, say the authors. "The main asset of the poor is their own
labor," says Dr Bonds. "Infectious diseases, which are regulated by
the environment, systematically steal human resources. Economically speaking,
the effect is similar to that of crime or government corruption on
undermining economic growth."
This result has important significance for
international aid organizations, as it suggests that money spent on combating
disease would also stimulate economic growth. Moreover, although diversity of
human diseases is highly correlated with diversity of surrounding species,
the study indicates that the burden of such human disease actually drops when
biodiversity rises. The analysis is inconclusive about why this effect is so
strong. The authors suggest that competition and predation limit the survival
of disease vectors and free-living parasites where biodiversity is high. The
research sets the stage for a number of future analyses that need to lay bare
the relationship between health care funding and economic development.
Funding: MHB is funded by NIH Grant #K01TW008773 from
the Fogarty International Center. The funder had no role in study design,
data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no
competing interests exist.
Citation: Bonds MH, Dobson AP, Keenan DC (2012) Disease
Ecology, Biodiversity, and the Latitudinal Gradient in Income. PLoS
Harvard Medical School
STAT===, News from the Association of American Medical Colleges, January
7, 2013 edition.
News from the
Association of American Medical Colleges
• AAMC Urges
Long-Term Solution to Protect Access to Care
• Medical Schools, Teaching Hospitals Generate Billions for Economy
• Call for Abstracts for 2013 Integrating Quality Meeting
• Research in Medical Education Conference Issues Call for
• Ninth Annual Physician Workforce Research Conference Abstracts Due
• PCORI Announces Funding Awards for Comparative
• On the Move
AAMC Urges Long-Term Solution to
Protect Access to Care
The recent bipartisan compromise to avoid the fiscal cliff contains a
short-term patch to the sustainable growth rate formula for one year,
preventing a 26.5 percent decrease in Medicare physician payments, but does
so at the expense of cuts to hospitals. The cuts include the
documentation and coding (DCI) adjustment and the disproportionate share
hospital (DSH) payments. In a statement,
AAMC President and CEO Darrell G. Kirch, M.D.,
said that while the association was pleased Congress was able to reach an
agreement on the fiscal crisis, “The AAMC is troubled by the continued cuts
to patient care […] that impact the ability of medical schools and teaching
hospitals to continue their critical work.”
Kirch also noted that "Of greater
concern is the failure to address sequestration adequately by simply
delaying for two months implementation of potentially devastating cuts to
Medicare funding and medical research supported by the National Institutes
of Health." To read a full analysis of The
American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, visit https://www.aamc.org/advocacy/washhigh/.
Medical Schools, Teaching Hospitals
Generate Billions for Economy
The nation’s medical schools and teaching hospitals infused $587 billion
into the economy while supporting nearly 3.5 million jobs in 2011,
according to a new economic impact analysis
of AAMC member institutions by the consulting firm Tripp Umbach. The total $587 billion represents a 15
percent increase over the impact institutions had on the economy the last
time the analysis was conducted in 2008. The report also includes an
appendix of the economic impact of publically funded research on the
Call for Abstracts for 2013 Integrating
The annual AAMC Integrating Quality Meeting in June, which will bring
together health care leaders, educators, residents, and students from the
medical education and health professions communities to share strategies
for enhancing the culture of quality in clinical care and education, is
accepting abstracts until Jan. 18. Proposals are being sought for
poster presentations, interactive workshops and sessions, and selected
plenary presentations in the following areas: approaches to improving value
and educating for quality; aligning strategy for health reform and changes
in the regulatory environment; team-based and interprofessional
approaches to quality improvement; and student and trainee initiatives in
quality improvement and patient safety. To learn more, visit the
meeting’s Web page.
Research in Medical Education
Conference Issues Call for Submissions
The AAMC has issued a call for
submissions for the 52nd Annual Research in Medical Education (RIME)
Conference. The RIME conference, which is held each year in
conjunction with the AAMC Annual Meeting, provides a forum for the presentation
and discussion of research concerning all aspects of medical
education. Submissions must be received by Feb. 8 at 11:59 p.m.
(EDT). Guidelines and forms are available on the AAMC’s Web site.
Ninth Annual Physician Workforce
Research Conference Abstracts Due
Today is the deadline for submitting
abstracts for the Ninth Annual Physician Workforce Research Conference
to be held May 2-3, 2013 in Alexandria, Va. The conference is the
premier opportunity for researchers, educators, and policymakers to meet
and discuss federal and state workforce issues. Applicants are
welcome to submit either individual abstracts or full panels of three to
four related presentations. The Conference Advisory Committee is
particularly interested in research that informs physician workforce
policy. To learn more, visit the meeting’s Web site.
Address questions to Clese Erikson at email@example.com.
PCORI Announces Funding Awards for
Comparative Effectiveness Research
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)
25 awards, totaling $40.7 million over three years, to fund
patient-centered comparative effectiveness research projects. More
than half of the recipients were from AAMC-member institutions. The
projects will be under PCORI's first four areas of its National Priorities
for Research and Research Agenda, which include: Assessment of Prevention,
Diagnosis and Treatment Areas, Improving Healthcare Systems, Communication
and Dissemination Research, and Addressing Disparities.
On the Move
Christine K. Cassel, M.D., was named president and CEO of the National
Quality Forum. Cassel will join the organization mid-summer
2013. She is currently the president and CEO of the American Board of
Internal Medicine (ABIM) and ABIM Foundation. Cassel announced last
year that she would step down from the positions in July 2013.
OME: AACOM News on Osteopathic
Medical Education, Dec. 2012/Jan 2013 edition.
If you are unable to view this
e-mail clearly you may view it online at
Dec. 2012/Vol. 6, No. 12
Jan. 2013/Vol. 7, No. 1
Please send information for the
newsletter to Lindsey Jurd at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AACOM Joining Forces Teaching Case Featured in Online
Maryland Medicine features teaching case
developed by AACOM's Joining Forces Curriculum Work Group. Read
AACOM: Out and About
Learn about recent AACOM staff
activities and projects. Read
Excellence in Communications Awards Entries Deadline
COSGP Winter Meeting
Ft. Lauderdale, FL
Innovation in Medical Education Awards Application Deadline
Fellowship Program Application Deadline
OHPI Program Application Deadline
Research Grants Program Application Deadline
AACOM & AODME 2013 Annual Meeting Early Registration Closes /
Regular Registration Opens
Macy Faculty Scholars
Program Application Deadline
R. Arnstein Scholarship Awards Application
National Healthcare Decisions Day
AACOM & AODME 2013 Annual Meeting
Hospital Day Events
AACOM Job Connection
Utilize AACOM's Job
Connection to post resumes and fill academic, administrative and
executive position vacancies with high-quality candidates.
Visit AACOM Job
Connection to learn more.
Des Moines University-College of Osteopathic Medicine students participate
in holiday food drive. Read
Compassion: Hallmarks of the Osteopathic Medical Student Population
Dr. Shannon reflects
on osteopathic medicine's compassionate nature and strong service
orientation, and shares some of the holiday service activities osteopathic
medical students have undertaken nationwide. Read more
President Signs Bill to Avert
HHS Seeks Nominations for the
NIH Interagency Pain Research Coordinating Committee
IOM Committee on Governance
and Financing of GME Holds Second Meeting
AACOM Letter to White House
in Support of GME
AACOM Letter Urging
Congressional Leadership to Support Medical Education and Oppose
AACOM GR Staff Attends CHF
NDD Town Hall
USDE Releases Final Rule on
Student Loan Issues
USDE Announces Early
Implementation of “Pay As You Earn” Initiative
AACOM Leads Effort in Sign-on
Letter to Congressional Leadership on National HC Workforce Commission
CMS Redistributes GME Slots
from Closed Hospitals
November Election Results
Additional Federal Updates
Associate Dean Receives Fulbright Specialists Award
Gift Facilitates Gannon University Simulation Center Upgrades
Receives $5 Million Grant from Richard M. Fairbanks Foundation
Announces Official Name Change
Receives Final COCA Approval to Recruit Students for Dublin Campus
Holds Second Annual Chili Cook-Off Fundraiser
Hosts On-Campus Children's Wellness Fair
2013 Osteopathic Medical
College Information Book
AACOMAS Application Open!
AACOMAS has opened its centralized application for those
seeking to enter osteopathic medical school in fall 2013.
© Copyright 2013 AACOM All
American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine • 5550
Friendship Blvd., Suite 310, Chevy Chase, MD 20815-7231 • (301) 968-4100 • email@example.com
To subscribe or unsubscribe
to this monthly newsletter, please e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
6. This, too, is
SCIENCE! “An In-Depth Analysis of a Piece of Shit: Distribution of Schistosoma
Hookworm Eggs in Human Stool.”
An In-Depth Analysis of a Piece of Shit:
Distribution of Schistosoma mansoni and Hookworm Eggs in Human
J. Krauth, Jean T. Coulibaly, Stefanie Knopp, Mahamadou Traoré, Eliézer K. N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger
An accurate diagnosis
of parasitic worm (helminth) infections is
important for adequate patient treatment and disease control programs. Helminth eggs in human stool samples are used as an
indicator of infection intensity and morbidity. However, little is known
about the exact distribution of helminth eggs in
stool samples. Homogenization has been suggested to improve the diagnostic
accuracy. Hookworm eggs disintegrate over time, which makes their detection
challenging in epidemiological surveys. We determined the location of helminth eggs in entire stool samples from 222 individuals
in Côte d'Ivoire. We also investigated whether homogenization has an effect
on the detection of eggs, and determined egg counts over time in stool
samples stored on ice, covered with a moist tissue, or kept in the shade. No
clear pattern of helminth egg distribution was
found in human stool samples. Homogenization resulted in more accurate egg
counts of the blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni,
while it did not affect other helminths. Keeping
stool samples on ice or covered with a wet tissue slows down the disintegration
of hookworm eggs. Our findings have important implications for individual
patient management and the design and implementation of epidemiological
surveys and helminth disease control programs.
Here’s Figure 1, which graphically (pun intended) shows how samples were
7. Marginalia: A question of scale.
Open on your computer not your phone or iPad;
you need a larger screen.
you a perspective of size, starting in the middle with a human
is a WONDERFUL animation that I ever received. I hope that it works for you.
Just slide the bar at the bottom left or right.
sure to go BOTH ways on the sliding scale.