Caduceus Newsletter: Fall 2012.06, Week of September 23
Winners of this year’s IgNoble Awards have been announced!
For more information, please go to Marginalia.
Table of Contents:
1. Events coming up.
1. Events coming up.
· Thursday, September 28, starting at 6 p.m.: Mock interview sessions, hosted by BBB, student lounge on the 2nd floor of the Cooper-Wilson Science Center.
· Thursday, October 4, 12:30 p.m. to 1:50 p.m. in AH 122.: Muscular Dystrophy Association’s Summer program for children, and a newly-created year-long program for adults, by Kelly Reed. Pizza and soft drinks will be served.
· Tuesday, October 23, starting promptly at 6:02 p.m.: It’s National Mole Day! Local celebrations will be held at the Spaghetti Warehouse. For more details about National Mole Day, please go to http://www.moleday.org/ .
· Thursday, November 1, 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., in Sabbatini Lounge: Annual Health Career Opportunities Fair, anchored by the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. Representatives from a variety of regional clinical healthcare graduate programs and from US military scholarship programs will be available to answer questions;
· Thursday, November 1, 6 p.m. to 8 p.m., in rooms AH 103, AH 121, AH 122: Presentations regarding the Lincoln Memorial University DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine and the Ross University School of Medicine.
2. Many Species, One MedicineTM: The University of Pennsylvania offers a VMD-PhD Combined Degree Studies program.
Rabbits help lower cholesterol. Cats may lead to a breakthrough in the AIDS epidemic. And dogs have taught doctors new heart surgery techniques. Even lobsters help scientists understand Parkinson's disease. Since the turn of the century, animal research has helped wipe out such diseases as smallpox and polio while increasing the human lifespan by 28 years. Whether it's fighting epilepsy, finding a cure for Alzheimer's or making progress in brain and spinal cord trauma, the link between human health and animal health is absolutely crucial.
The University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine provides an outstanding environment for the training of future veterinary scientists through our combined VMD-PhD program. It's an excellent way for you to continue your education while impacting the future of medicine for humans and all species.
Who knows what today's research could do for future generations? Find out more by visiting www.PennVetPhD.org
3. International Service Learning (ISL) still has space opening for several trips during Thanksgiving and Winter Break.
ISL… seeking inspiration through service!
International Service Learning
We still have space available on the following Thanksgiving and Winter Break teams:
Costa Rica, November 17-25
Belize, Costa Rica, December 9-22
Jamaica, December 15-23
Panama, Hike for Humanity, December 27-January 9
Visit our schedule for more information.
Faculty: We can integrate our existing programs with your academic courses, allowing you to tailor the service learning experience to your educational goals. Students gain valuable skills and global perspective, while the underserved receive medications and care to which they would otherwise have little or no access.
Our Mission: ISL strives to enhance academic learning through service experience, while providing quality health care and other services for the underserved. We utilize in-country professionals and offer practical experience through socially responsible programs which observe the highest ethical standards and inspire students to a lifestyle of service.
Find out more: www.ISLonline.org
4. The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy announces its annual Virtual Pharmacy School Fair.
Please share the information below about the Virtual Pharmacy School Fair with your students! You can also attend on the days of the event – there is no need for you to register, just stop by and check it out during the event.
Please let me know if you have any questions.
Jennifer Athay Adams, Pharm.D.
Senior Director of Strategic Academic Partnerships
American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
1727 King Street, Floor 2
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone: 703-739-2330 ext. 1024
firstname.lastname@example.org **Please note the new email address**
Discover · Learn · Care: Improve Health
Virtual Pharmacy School Fair: October 3rd-4th
Pharmacy School Students--Decide where you want to go to school!
What students have said about prior events:
"The Virtual Fair was extremely convenient and useful. I was able to communicate with multiple schools of my interest and ask questions. This Virtual Fair also saved me time and traveling fees if I were to visit the schools’ campuses instead.”
“I thought the virtual fair was extremely helpful. Chatting with the school representatives helped give me some direction for what I’d like to pursue, as well as some helpful tips/expectations for the application process.”
“I feel that this was great concept...It gave me an opportunity to ask questions that may not have been answered on their website and to see other potential students’ questions that I may not have thought to ask.”
"The whole system was very user friendly.”
Begin or refine your pharmacy school search at the Virtual Pharmacy School Fair on October 3rd-4th.
Questions: email@example.com or 770-980-0088
(770) 402.7520 c
(770) 980.0088 o
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5. Collegium Hieronymi Pragensis, named after the Czech medieval philosopher, theologian and religious reformer Hieronymus Pragensis (Jeroným Pražský, Jerome of Prague, offers a variety of courses related to the history of medicine and healthcare policy.
6. Ecology in the Pre-medical Curriculum: A position paper from the Ecological Society of America.
Ecology in the Pre-medical Curriculum
Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians, a 2009 report of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), proposes eight core competencies that pre-medical students should fulfill in their undergraduate education, as an alternative to the traditional required courses in the pre-medical curriculum. More recently, changes have been proposed for the MCAT to reflect this shift to core competencies. Despite the positive change toward core competencies, the proposed competencies largely ignore the importance of evolutionary biology, biodiversity, ecology, and environmental science in the pre-medical and medical curriculum.
In the AAMC-HHMI report, evolutionary biology is included to a limited degree in the pre-medical core competencies (Competency E8). In addition, the report includes ecological principles in the competencies for the medical curriculum (Competency M6), such as:
· "Apply the principles of host–pathogen and pathogen–population interactions and knowledge of pathogen structure, genomics, life-cycle, transmission, natural history, and pathogenesis to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious disease."
· "Apply the principles of symbiosis (commensalisms, mutualism, and parasitism) to the maintenance of health and disease."
However, these ecological principles are not reflected in the pre-medical competencies.
Competency: Demonstrate an understanding of taxonomic diversity and fundamental ecological processes and how they relate to human health.
Kathleen A Alexander, and J Weldon McNutt. 2010. Human behavior influences infectious disease emergence at the human–animal interface. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8: 522–526. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/090057
Katherine F. Smith, Andrew P. Dobson, F Ellis McKenzie, Leslie A. Real, David L. Smith, and Mark L. Wilson. 2005. Ecological theory to enhance infectious disease control and public health policy. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3: 29–37. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2005)003[0029:ETTEID]2.0.CO;2
Courtney Richmond, Diane Ebert-May, and Janet Hodder. 2005. Lyme disease: a case about ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3: 557–558. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2005)003[0557:LDACAE]2.0.CO;2
Richard S. Ostfeld, and Robert D. Holt. 2004. Are predators good for your health? Evaluating evidence for top-down regulation of zoonotic disease reservoirs. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2: 13–20. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2004)002[0013:APGFYH]2.0.CO;2
Julie E Helson, Todd L Capson, Timothy Johns, Annette Aiello, and Donald M Windsor. 2009. Ecological and evolutionary bioprospecting: using aposematic insects as guides to rainforest plants active against disease. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7: 130–134. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/070189
Richard W. Merritt, M Eric Benbow, and Pamela LC Small. 2005. Unraveling an emerging disease associated with disturbed aquatic environments: the case of Buruli ulcer. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3: 323–331. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2005)003[0323:UAEDAW]2.0.CO;2
Todd A Crowl, Thomas O Crist, Robert R Parmenter, Gary Belovsky, and Ariel E Lugo. 2008. The spread of invasive species and infectious disease as drivers of ecosystem change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6: 238–246. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/070151
Sara H Paull, Sejin Song, Katherine M McClure, Loren C Sackett, A Marm Kilpatrick, and Pieter TJ Johnson. 2011. From superspreaders to disease hotspots: linking transmission across hosts and space. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (e-View) doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/110111
Alan R. Townsend, Robert W. Howarth, Fakhri A. Bazzaz, Mary S. Booth, Cory C. Cleveland, Sharon K. Collinge, Andrew P. Dobson, Paul R. Epstein, Elisabeth A. Holland, Dennis R. Keeney, Michael A. Mallin, Christine A. Rogers, Peter Wayne, and Amir H. Wolfe. 2003. Human health effects of a changing global nitrogen cycle. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1: 240–246. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2003)001[0240:HHEOAC]2.0.CO;2
Phyllis D. Coley, Maria V. Heller, Rafael Aizprua, Blanca Araúz, Nayda Flores, Mireya Correa, Mahabir Gupta, Pablo N. Solis, Eduardo Ortega-Barría, Luz I. Romero, Basilio Gómez, Marla Ramos, Luis Cubilla-Rios, Todd L. Capson, and Thomas A. Kursar. 2003. Using ecological criteria to design plant collection strategies for drug discovery. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1: 421–428. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2003)001[0421:UECTDP]2.0.CO;2
Meredith A Barrett, Timothy A Bouley, Aaron H Stoertz, and Rosemary W Stoertz. 2011. Integrating a One Health approach in education to address global health and sustainability challenges. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 239–245. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/090159
R Jory Brinkerhoff, Corrine M Folsom-O'Keefe, Kimberly Tsao, and Maria A Diuk-Wasser. 2011. Do birds affect Lyme disease risk? Range expansion of the vector-borne pathogen Borrelia burgdorferi. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 103–110. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/090062
Nils Chr Stenseth, Herwig Leirs, Anders Skonhoft, Stephen A. Davis, Roger P. Pech, Harry P. Andreassen, Grant R. Singleton, Mauricio Lima, Robert S. Machang’u, Rhodes H. Makundi, Zhibin Zhang, Peter R. Brown, Dazhao Shi, and Xinrong Wan. 2003. Mice, rats, and people: the bio-economics of agricultural rodent pests. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1: 367–375. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2003)001[0367:MRAPTB]2.0.CO;2
It takes into account the stiffness of the hair fibres on the head, the effects of gravity and the presence of the random curliness or waviness that is ubiquitous in human hair to model how a ponytail is likely to behave.
"I've been working on this for a long time," said Dr Warren. "At Unilever, as you can imagine, there is a lot of interest because we sell a lot of haircare products. But there are wider applications where you have a lot of fibres coming together, such as in fabrics.
The gala is always attended by real Nobel Laureates, who are tasked with handing out the prizes. Recipients get 60 seconds to make an acceptance speech. If they run over, a young girl will start to shout "boring". Another tradition is for everyone in the theatre to throw paper planes.
Acoustics Prize: Kazutaka Kurihara and Koji Tsukada (Japan) for creating the SpeechJammer - a machine that disrupts a person's speech by making them hear their own spoken words at a very slight delay.
Neuroscience Prize: Craig Bennett, Abigail Baird, Michael Miller, and George Wolford (US) for demonstrating that brain researchers, by using complicated instruments and simple statistics, can see meaningful brain activity anywhere - even in a dead salmon.
Literature Prize: The US Government General Accountability Office for issuing a report about reports about reports that recommends the preparation of a report about the report about reports about reports.
Physics Prize: Joseph Keller (US), Raymond Goldstein (US/UK), Patrick Warren and Robin Ball (UK) for calculating the balance of forces that shape and move the hair in a human ponytail. Prof Keller was additionally given an Ig for work he contributed to on non-drip teapots in 1999 but for which he had been wrongly overlooked at the time.
Fluid Dynamics Prize: Rouslan Krechetnikov (US/Russia/Canada) and Hans Mayer (US) for studying the dynamics of liquid-sloshing, to learn what happens when a person walks while carrying a cup of coffee.
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