Haiti is situated
in the Caribbean and shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican
Republic. It is approximately the size of the state of Maryland, and is
mountainous with an acrid climate. Haiti is the least-developed country
in the Western Hemisphere, and one of the poorest in the world.
of Haiti | | Photos
by Dr. Kraus |
African descent 95%; African and European descent 5%
Catholic 80%; Protestant 16%; voodoo practices widespread
Birth Rate: 31.97
Death Rate: 97.1
deaths/1,000 live births
at Birth: Total population: 49.21 years. Male: 47.46 years. Female: 51.06
70%; widespread under-employment; more than two-thirds of the labor force
do not have formal jobs
The high mortality
rate in Haiti is the result of the country’s generalized poverty and endemic
illnesses. The health crisis is exacerbated by deficient water supply and
basic sanitation services.
According to the
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the leading causes of child mortality
in Haiti are diarrheal diseases, acute respiratory infections and malnutrition.
Major causes of hospitalization for children 0-14 years old were prematurity
(23%), pneumonia (16%), malnutrition (8%), meningitis (8%), typhoid (6%)
and gastroenteritis (5%).
seen in Haitian adult patients include tuberculosis, diabetes, HIV/Aids,
hepatitis, sickle cell disease and hypertension.
Address for donations:
Haiti Medical Missions of
1779 Kirby Parkway Box 319
Memphis, TN 38138