Dr. STAN EISEN, Director
Preprofessional Health Programs
Biology Department
Christian Brothers University
650 East Parkway South
, TN 38104

Office: (901) 321-3447
FAX: (901) 321-4433
e-mail: seisen@cbu.edu

Updated November 8, 2019




Table of Contents:

·      Who I am

·      Sources of information about health-related careers

·      Information about national exams

·      Application services

·      The application process

·      Volunteering information

·      Internships and gap year alternatives

·     International medical missions 

·     Hobbies

Who I am:

·      Courses taught

·     Curriculum vitae 

Then (1971)


Now (We are the Buccaneers, right?)


Sources of information about health-related careers:

·         Health Careers - A guide to health-related professional school programs and prerequisites, web sites, e-mail and physical addresses 

·       Caduceus Newsletter – A weekly newsletter on current events, opportunities, and announcements pertaining to the health professions

·       Financial aid and resources for students in health-related graduate programs – The average indebtedness of a person graduating from medical school is $200,000.  Other clinical healthcare-related professional schools are similar.  Here are some options for paying for this.  

·         Acceptance rates for health-related professional schools  

·         Advice to pre-meds, from people who have “been there, done that.”

·         Campus Events pertaining to Preprofessional Health Programs 

·         Entering Medical Student Expectations – excerpted from a joint report from Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians, a joint publication of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) – 2009.

·         Student Preprofessional Organizations  

·         What Makes an “Ideal” Healthcare Provider?:  From http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/579616 

·         http://www.explorehealthcareers.org is an excellent source of information for students interested in any type of health-related career. 

·         World Wide Web Sites Related to the Health Professions



Information about national exams

Test descriptions and dates –

·       MCAT (and applying to medical school)

  Thinking of applying to medical school?  Here are some statistics from the AAMC.

              Schedule of MCAT administrations in 2020.

              Description of the Fee Assistance Program.

             MCAT Registration Tips.

“Essential Essentials”, i.e. what you NEED to know about registering for the MCAT, reporting on test day, and releasing your test scores.

Medical School Admissions Requirements® gives you access to information pertaining to all allopathic medical schools. 

·       OAT

·       PCAT

·       DAT

·       GRE 

 Do MCAT Preparation Courses Really Help?: A Discussion which came up in May 2002 on the HLTHPROF listserv.

Comparison of Kaplan and Princeton Review MCAT Prep Courses:
by Jennifer Hendrick and Christen Gregory.

Application services

·       Allopathic Medical College Application Service (http://www.aamc.org/students/amcas/start.htm )

·       Osteopathic Medical College Application Service (http://www.aacom.org/InfoFor/applicants/Pages/Instructions.aspx )

·       Pharmacy College Application Service ( http://www.pharmcas.org )

·        Physical Therapist Centralized Application Service

·       Veterinary Medical College Application Service ( http://www.aavmc.org )

 The application process

AAMC Timeline for Application/Admission.  (This timeline is equally appropriate for other clinical health-related graduate programs.)


Having an interview? 

·         Interview FAQ's

·         Interview suggestions: Do’s and Don’ts,  From the Osteopathic Medical College Information Book: Entering Class 2003, published by the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine. 

·         Special edition of the Caduceus Newsletter pertaining to interviews:

Need help writing your personal statement? 

http://facstaff.cbu.edu/~seisen/WritingTheEssay.htm: Printed with Permission from the Summer 1997 issue of The Advisor.

If you’re applying to a health-related program, then you need a Plan B in case you are turned down:

Volunteering information

1)    LeBonheur Children’s Medical Center:  http://www.lebonheur.org/beavolunteer

2)    Saint Jude Children’s Research Hospital:  http://www.stjude.org/volunteers

3)    Baptist Memorial Hospital:  http://www.baptistonline.org/services/community/volunteer/

4)    Methodist Healthcare:  http://www.methodisthealth.org/methodist/About+Us/Volunteering

5)    Church Health Center:  http://www.churchhealthcenter.org/volunteer

Internships and gap year alternatives

·        PhysAssist Scribes – www.iamscribe.com

·        Church Health Center Internship Program:  http://www.churchhealthcenter.org/interns

·        Church Health Center Scholars Program:  http://www.churchhealthcenter.org/chscholars

·        Research Associates Program at St. Vincent’s Medical Center:  http://raprogram.org/

·        Health Leads Advocates:  https://healthleadsusa.org/get-involved/volunteer/

International medical missions 

The American Medical Student Association (AMSA) has a useful database of international programs at http://www.amsa.org/AMSA/Homepage/EducationCareerDevelopment/IntlHealthOpps.aspx.

·        Children Family Health International --   http://www.cfhi.org/web/index.php

·        AMA's A Practical Guide to Health Service by Edward O'Neil -- https://commerce.ama-assn.org/store/search/indexing/product.jsp?skuId=sku1240145&productId=prod1240087

·         GHO (Global Health Outreach -- http://www.cmda.org/WCM/CMDA/Navigation/Missions/Global_Health_Outreach/Global_Health_Outrea.aspx

·        The nation’s Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine have their International Clinical Rotations posted on our website at:  http://www.aacom.org/InfoFor/students/icr/Pages/default.aspx .  In addition, the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) has the International Practice Rights Map posted on their website.

·         One resource available for naturopathic physicians and allied health practitioners interested in doing volunteer/humanitarian work or study abroad is:  http://NDglobalnetwork.com/topic/index.html . There is also Natural Doctors International.  More info at: http://www.ndimed.org/

·        http://naturopathicstudent.org/health-impact/global-health/international-opportunities/.


Hobbies , OR, An aging rocker is NOT a pretty sight.  (More photos here.)



2003, with the debut of KISS…My Tuchas


Important Test Dates

Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT's):


Visit the PCAT web site (http://pearsonassess.com/haiweb/Cultures/en-US/site/Community/PostSecondary/Products/pcat/pcathome.htm ) for additional information: 

Some points to consider:

·        Make sure to register for the PCAT in advance (2 months!);

·        Allow 5-7 weeks for scores to be reported to PharmCAS;

·        The PCAT must be taken during the calendar year of the application through the end of the testing cycle.  (For admission Fall 2017, students apply Fall 2016.  Tests valid January 2016-January 2017);

·        Students are encouraged to take the MCAT early.  Practice materials are available from many sources, including Kaplan and on the PCAT website;

·        Students are limited to taking the PCAT 5 times.  This is limited by the testing agency; contact the testing agency with any questions or to receive information about extenuating circumstances.

Pharmacy College Admission Test
The Psychological Corporation
555 Academic Court
San Antonio, TX 78204-2498

Phone: 1-800/622-3231
Fax: 210/921-8861
M-F, 7:00 am - 7:00 pm Central Time.
PCAT Registration and Information:  http://tpc-etesting.com/pcat/


The Pharmacy College Application Service (PharmCAS) was launched is early May 2003. If a student is planning to apply to a participating PharmCAS school for fall 2004 enrollment - AND - at least one of the PharmCAS schools requires the PCAT, the student must request The Psychological Corporation to release the test scores directly to PharmCAS at CODE 104.

Students who has taken the PCAT more than once must arrange for PharmCAS to receive a score report for every test completed. Failure to submit all scores may jeopardize a student's eligibility for admission to pharmacy school. PharmCAS will forward PCAT scores to all of the designated colleges and schools, regardless of institutional requirements.


Students applying to a pharmacy schools that do not participate in PharmCAS should arrange for PCAT test scores to be sent directly to the institution, if the PCAT is required for admission.

PharmCAS provides the following:

  • One application to multiple pharmacy schools and colleges broadens your "reach" as you are considered by several institutions at once.
  • One application eliminates duplicate information and transcripts
  • One application saves you time
  • One application = one point of contact

For more information, visit http://www.PharmCAS.org .

Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) and applying to medical school


Thinking of applying to medical school?  Here are some statistics from the AAMC.












Schedule of MCAT administrations in 2020:




Description of the Fee Assistance Program:



You can access the “Full Monty” of information at https://www.aamc.org/students/download/266006/data/2015previewguide.pdf , but here’s a summary:


1)      The new MCAT will consist of 4 sections:

a)      Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living Systems;

b)      Chemical and Physical Foundations of Living Systems;

c)       Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior;

d)      Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills.

2)       The emphasis of the exam will be on competencies rather than course content;

3)      The writing sample will be deleted;

4)      The exam will last ~7.5 hours.

Here’s a more detailed breakdown of concepts to be covered in each of the MCAT sections:


Biological and Biochemical Foundations

 Structure and Function of Proteins and AA- Concept 1

Transmission of Genetic info from gene to protein-Concept 1

Transmission of heritable info from generation to generation- Concept 1

Processes that increase genetic diversity - Concept 1

Principles of Bioenergetics and Fuel Metabolism- Concept 1

Assemblies of molecules cells and groups of cells in multicellular organisms- Concept 2

Structure growth, physiology and genetics of prokaryotes and viruses- Concept 2

Processes of cell division differentiation and specialization- Concept 2

Structure and function of the nervous and endocrine systems and ways in which

these systems coordinate the organ systems- Concept 3

Structure and integrative functions of the main organ systems- Concept 3

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

Translational motion, forces, work, energy and equilibrium in living systems- Concept 4

Importance of fluids for the circulation of blood, gas movement and gas exchange- Concept 4

Electrochemistry and electrical circuits and their elements- Concept 4

How light and sound interact with matter- Concept 4

Atoms, nuclear decay, electron structure, and atomic chemical behaviour-Concept 4

Unique nature of water and its solutions- Concept 5

Nature of molecules and intermolecular interactions- Concept 5

Separation and purification methods- Concept 5

Structure, function and reactivity of biologically relevant molecules- Concept 5

Principles of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics- Concept 5

Psychological Social and Biological Foundations of Behavior

Sensing the environment- Concept 6

Making sense of the environment- Concept 6

Responding to the world- Concept 6

Individual Influences on behavior- Concept 7

Social Processes that influence behavior- Concept 7

Attitude and behavior change- Concept 7

Self Identity- Concept 8

Social thinking- Concept 8

Social interactions Concept 8

Understanding social structure- Concept 9

Demographic characteristics and processes- Concept 9

Social inequality- Concept 10

Scientific Inquiry and Reasoning Skills

Knowledge of Scientific Concepts and Principles

Scientific reasoning and evidence-based problem solving

Reasoning about the design and execution of research

Data-based and Statistical reasoning



Regarding mapping the Scientific Foundation for Future Physicians competencies to the CBU curriculum, this e-mail was from the AAMC:


If your faculty have already mapped the Scientific Foundation for Future Physicians (SFFP) competencies onto your curriculum, the translation into foundational concepts for MCAT2015 is—


·         Foundational concept 1 mirrors SFFP entering medical school competency 5.  It also includes the ideas from competency 8.

·         Foundational concept 2 mirrors SFFP competency 6.

·         Foundational concept 3 mirrors SFFP competency 7.

·         Foundational concept 4 mirrors SFFP competency 3.

·         Foundational concept 5 mirrors SFFP competency 4.

·         Scientific inquiry and reasoning skill 3 mirrors SFFP competency 2.

·         Scientific inquiry and reasoning skill 4 mirrors SFFP competency 1. 


We’re about to post the translation on the faq’s page for MCAT2015 (https://www.aamc.org/students/applying/mcat/mcat2015/admins/faqs-admins/), and it’ll be included in the next version of the Preview Guide for MCAT2015.


Take care, Karen



MCAT Registration Tips.



Essential Essentials”, i.e. what you NEED to know about registering for the MCAT, reporting on test day, and releasing your test scores.




Ten Tips for Managing Your Money During Medical School:  From the AAMC



Medical School Admissions Requirements® gives you access to information pertaining to all allopathic medical schools


For more information, go to http://www.aamc.org/students/mcat/mcatschedule.htm

On the wish list for far future is a way to assess communication beyond writing sample.

AAMC now has the Fee Reduction application form and instructions on its World Wide Web site, http://www.aamc.org . This form will no longer be included as a registration packet insert and is only accessible through the AAMC World Wide Web site. Candidates considering applying for a fee reduction should be advised that the program is intended for use by only those candidates with extreme financial limitations.

For more information, visit http://www.aamc.org

The Optometry Admission Test (OAT) is now available year round:

The Optometry Admission Test is offered in a computerized format.  Testing is available year round – you select the date, time, and place that is most convenient for you to test.  You receive your scores immediately after the completion of the test.  Schools receive official score reports within two weeks.


Information about the OAT can be obtained online at http://www.opted.org .  This site contains information about the test, application process, fees, test content, and a sample test.  Use this site to register online for the test and to request additional score reports.  A credit card is required for online registration or two request additional score reports.


Information is also available by calling the Optometry Admission Testing program at 1-800-232-2159.  Automated information lines provide select information 24 hours a day, seven days a week.  Representatives are available to assist you Monday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Central Time.  Print application materials are available for those special situations where applying online is not possible.  This material can be requested by calling the 800 number.


For information about the OAT, visit http://www.opted.org .

Additional information and application forms are available from :
Optometry Admission and Testing Program (OAT)
211 East Chicago Avenue, Suite 1846
Chicago, Illinois 606-2678
(312) 440-2693
FAX: (312) 587-4105
Toll-free number for students' inquiries: 1-800-232-2157.

Revision to the Score Scale for the Optometry Admission Test (OAT)

Effective May 1, 2009

When an examinee takes the OAT, a raw score is produced for each area of the test that equals the number of correct answers.  This raw score is converted to a standard score so that examinees’ performance on the test can be compared to other examinees’ performance.  In the OAT, the mean is assigned a standard score of 300. The range of scores for the OAT is 200 to 400.

Recently, the mean may has exceeded 300 in all sections, and has exceeded 330 in certain instances. As part of the ongoing validation process for the OAT, a request was made by ASCO to recalibrate the score scale so that the score scale mean is again close to 300 and the standard deviation is 40.  The data for this rescaling study were responses from 2,520 examinees taking the OAT for the first time in 2008.  The rescaling for each of the OAT sub-tests was accomplished through the use of logits from the Rasch model, which takes both examinee’s ability and item difficulty into account.  As a result, the average mean of each of the OAT sub-test is as close as possible to a mean of 300 and standard deviation of 40.

Interpretation of the New Score Scale

This new score scale will take effect May 1, 2009 and has several major implications for anyone involved in interpreting OAT scores.   Please pay particular attention to the bulleted items:

·         The new score scale and the old score scale are not comparable.  Scores from the new scale cannot be compared to the old scale. 

o        A 300 on the old scale is not the same as a 300 on the new scale.

o        If an examinee tested in January 2009 and then retested in July 2009, the two sets of scores cannot be compared to each other. 

·         The OAT is not a harder or more difficult test but overall the scores will appear to be lower than they have been in recent years because the mean has been set back as close as possible to 300.

·         Going forward scores will be able to be compared as they have been in the past.  For example, an examinee that tests in May 2009 and December 2009 will be scored on the same score scale and those sets of scores can be compared to each other.

o        When reviewing an examinee’s score, it will be important to note the date the test was taken to compare the scores to the correct scale.

 Paige Pence, Director, Student and Professional Affairs
Association of Schools & Colleges of Optometry
6110 Executive Boulevard, Suite 420
Rockville, MD  20852
(301) 231-5944, x3019
(301) 770-1828 Fax

For the Graduate Record Examinations
*General Test - Year-round computer based testing at centers worldwide. Convenient scheduling - Call 1-800-GRE-CALL
*Subject Tests - Register Online
*Introducing Writing Assessment - Year-round computer based testing at centers worldwide. Convenient scheduling - Call - 1-800-GRE-CALL.
For more information, visit

For the Dental Admission Test (DAT)

The DAT Testing Program

Applicants may be scheduled for the DAT on virtually any date.  There is no application deadline.  Once a DAT application is received in the Department of Testing Services, a notice will be sent to the applicant that he or she can call the Prometric Candidate Contact Center to schedule an appointment at a Prometric Testing Center.  Ninety days must lapse before an applicant is eligible for retesting.  (Applications for applicants reapplying for testing will not be processed until the 90th day.)


Please note that for applicants taking the DAT, the basic application fee is $170.00.  “Walk-in” registration for the examination is not available.  The fee for additional score reports (beyond the five requested on the application is $15.00 per copy.


Applicants may submit their DAT applications and/or their DAT score report requests online.  Information about the DAT testing program, online application, and online score report request is available on the American Dental Association’s website, http://www.ada.org .  Fees are payable by credit card (Visa or MasterCard).


Online DAT applications and printed DAT applications are processed weekly.  Applications received by 5 p.m. (Central Time) on a Monday are processed on Tuesday and if the applicant is eligible, an eligibility file is sent to Prometric.  Then letters are sent to the eligible applicant on Thursday, telling them that they may now call Prometric’s Candidate Contact Center to schedule an appointment at a Prometric Testing Center.  Special accommodations are directed to call a different 800 number to schedule their appointment.


Currently, Dental Admission test preparation material is available online and in the printed registration booklet.  Applicants who submitted an online application can obtain a copy of the printed preparation material by requesting the printed registration booklet from the DAT office or a dental school.


Student Preprofessional Organizations
American Student Dental Association
211 East Chicago Avenue, Suite 1160
Chicago, Illinois 60611
(312) 440-2795
Fax: (312) 440-2820

Courses taught

Procedure for Preparing and Distributing Your Composite Evaluation Packet

Most professional schools either require, or at least prefer a composite evaluation form to be filed in support of your application. It is to your advantage to begin asking people to write evaluations on your behalf as soon as you start sending applications to the professional schools of your choice. That way, the composites will be ready to be sent if and when you receive secondary requests. Here is the procedure:

  1. Ask the people from whom you would like references whether they would be willing to write you a good evaluation before they receive the form. Not only is this common courtesy, it is also practical. If they tell you something like, "I'm sorry, but an evaluation form from me will probably hurt more than help", then you know they've just done you a favor. I recommend 4 or 5 people: 2 science professors, 1 non-science professor and 1 or 2 other individuals who are outside of academe, such as a work supervisor or research mentor.
  2. Pick up an evaluation request form so that you can provide me with the following information: Your name, your social security number (so that the Admissions Committee can quickly match your evaluation packet with your application file), the program you are applying to, and the names and addresses of your references. You will also indicate at the appropriate space whether you waive the right to view your evaluation packet.
  3. I send blank evaluation forms to the references you specify, with a cover letter asking to fill it out and return it to me as soon as possible. (I enclose a stamped, self-addressed envelope to those references who are off-campus.) When I receive all the evaluation forms, I transcribe the comments onto a single composite. At the appropriate time, I make a xerox copy of the entire file to send to the professional schools you specify. If you are using an application service such as AMCAS , please wait until you start receiving secondary requests before asking to have evaluation packets sent.
  4. When you receive either a secondary application or a request for references, please pick up a large CBU mailing envelope from me, write in the address of the school to which you want your evaluation packet to be sent, apply $1.25 worth of postage on the envelope, and return it to me. (I'm sorry, but my budget will not allow me to absorb the cost of postage.) When you return the envelope to me, I shall then send out your evaluation packet.

Curriculum vitae



  • Composite ACT Scores as a Predictor of MCAT Scores and of the Likelihood of Acceptance to Medical School. The Advisor 22(3):34-36. June 2002.
  • Distribution Patterns of Posthodiplostomum mimimum centrarchi metacercariae among juvenile and mature bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 74(3-4):75-77. July - October 1999
  • Parasitic Diseases Reported in Memphis Area Hospitals in 1984 and 1989. Journal of the Tennessee Medical Association, 84(4):171-172. 1991
  • Decreased Yield of Pneumocystis carinii from Cortisonized Rats. Journal of Parasitology, 75(1):82-85. 1989
  • Statistics and Their Significance. Fish Health Section Newsletter, Volume 13. January 1985
  • An Alternative Model Based on Random Distributions For Density-Dependent Regulation in Host-Parasite Systems. American Midland Naturalist, 109(9):230-239. 1983
  • Characteristics of Anchor Parasites From Fishes of North Pond, Kelleys Island, Ohio. The Ohio Journal of Science, 81(4):180-181. 1981
  • Incidence of Lernaea cyprinacea Among Goldfish of North Pond, Kelleys Island, Ohio. The Ohio Journal of Science, 77(1):48-49. 1977

Hobbies, OR, An aging rocker is NOT a pretty sight

Sometime in 1954, just a little tyke and already giving people the finger

New Rochelle High School Marching Band, circa 1967.  (I’m second from left.)

1967-1968 academic year, preparing for a trip to Boston:  Article from the New Rochelle, NY newspaper, The Standard Star, which is now part of the Gannett family of newspapers

Spring 1971, bass player for Complex, at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Spring 1975, bass player for Barnacle Gonzo and the Chianti Brothers, (and singing lead on “Red Necks, White Socks, and Blue Ribbon Beer”) playing at a community concert at the Bloomington, IN public library



Spring 1980 (solo performance at Serendipity talent show on CBU campus)


October 2001 (Keyboard player for KISS…MyTuchas)



June 2002, at the Rio Hotel in Vegas!



Death Warmed Over”, playing a Halloween Day Lunchtime Benefit Concert in the CBU Alfonso Dining Hall, October 2003


(L-R:  Dr. Beetlejuice, Dr. Janet McCord, Garrett Smithson, Whitney Appling, BJ, Jennifer Paxson Saputra, Eon Mostert, Christy Harwell Mostert)

Question:  What was your songlist?


  • Highway to Hell
  • I put a Spell on You
  • Black Magic Woman
  • Monster Mash
  • There’s a Bathroom on the Right



As a matter of fact, I did have fun at my son’s wedding!!
(August 27, 2006)



(Pre-)Valentine’s Day Lunchtime Benefit Concert for Le Bonheur Children’s Medical Center
Friday, February 13, 2009
Alfonso Dining Hall


Halloween Lunchtime Benefit Concert for LeBonheur Children’s Medical Center

(L-R):  Steve Ritter, myself, Screamin’ Matt Vincent, Kathleen “Grace O’Malley”  Nelson, Rex Browning, Larry “Werewolf” Anderson



Dr. Eisen sounding the gong (which looks a lot like an aluminum frying pan lid) to start AC/DC’s “Hell’s Bells”:




Matt Vincent singing lead on Highway to Hell:



 Music. Plain and simple.