Dr. Anna E. Ross's
Animal Behavior Course:
BIOL 381 ~ Animal Behavior ~ Spring 2018
This page is no longer being updated.
Dr. Ross retired from CBU in May 2019.
Dr. Lyndsey Pierson now teaches Animal Behavior at CBU.
Dr. Anna E. Ross
Professor Emerita of Biology
Christian Brothers University
A.E.R.'s Home Page
This email will remain active after my retirement.
Spring Semester Office hours:
Mon., Wed., Thurs., & Fri. 2:00-4:30.
catrun.gif CONTENTS: Animal Behavior Course Resources --  2018

The material posted here has NOT been updated for 2018.
Lecture Units & Links
  • Unit 1  History
  • Unit 2  Evolution, Behavior Genetics
  • Unit 3  Nervous System, Hormones
  • Unit 4  Communication, Aggression
  • Unit 5  Reproduction, Mating Systems
  • Room AH 107 Schedule
  • International J. Comp. Psych
  • Wildearth.tv (live cams)
  • Bird cinema
  • Museum of Animal Perspective

  • Piano and cat   :-)
  • Reports
  • Report Deadlines and Names of Team Members will be available on the shared directory.
  • You can download copies of Draft Reports, Final Reports, and PowerPoint Report Presentations from the shared directory.
  • Live Animal Cams (streaming video)
  • Marmoset interactive camera
  • Live shark cam (Discovery)
  • Botswana live cam  (time there is 7 hrs. ahead of CDT)
  • Live Seal Cam (8:00am-8:00pm CST) Thousands of Elephant seals gather on the beaches of California's Año Nuevo State Reserve to mate and give birth. (Dec-March).
  • Syllabus, etc.
  • How to access \\winfile2\biology (available on campus only)  Numerous illustrations and other study resources for the course are available via the shared directory.
  • Course Information
  • Professor
  • Text and Resources
  • Lecture Schedule
  • Course Policies, Grading

  • Syllabus for Spring 2018 (pdf to download)
  • Note:  The required Literature Citation Format for this course follows the CSE style manual. Here's an online source with specific examples.
  • Text for 2018 Drickamer, Vessey, and Jakob.  2002.  Animal Behavior: Mechanisms, Ecology, Evolution, 5th Edition.    ISBN-13: 978-0070121997  ISBN-10: 0070121990   (buy used from Amazon

    PowerPoint Slides: 

  • Lecture slides are available on the shared directory:  \\winfile2\biology and Moodle
  • The shared directory can be accessed from any computer on campus (including dorms and apartments).
    birds on a line
      Spring 2018 Course Information
    BIOL 381 Animal Behavior
      Course Information  BIOL 381.  Animal Behavior 
    • Lecture 3 credits.  Tues. and Thurs. 9:30-10:50 in AH 122.
    • Prerequisites:  BIOL 111-112 (Principles of Biology I and II and labs), CHEM 113 or higher, 4 additional hours of Biology.  and Junior or Senior standing.
    • BIOL 381 is a Group III Biology elective (applicable to the Biology and Biomedical Science Majors).
    • BIOL 381 is offered in even-numbered Spring semesters (alternating with BIOL 414 Animal Histology).
    BIOL 381.  Animal Behavior:  The study of the mechanisms and evolution of animal behavior.  Topics include methods for the observation and quantification of behavior, natural selection and evolution of behavior, behavior genetics, neural and physiological mechanisms of behavior, communication, aggression, sexual reproduction, parental investment, and mating systems.  The course is an upper-level biology elective appropriate for junior and senior biology majors and others interested in zoology, animal science, and experimental psychology. 

    |Back to Contents|      Syllabus for Spring 2018 (pdf to download)

    • Dr. Anna E. Ross, Professor of Biology. 
    • Office: AH 111
    • Phone: 321-3436 (Please record a message if I'm not in the office.) 
    email: aross@cbu.edu   email is the best way to contact me
      Required Materials for the 2018 Animal Behavior Course 
     Drickamer cover
    • Text for 2018: Drickamer, Vessey, and Jakob. 2002.
      Animal Behavior: Mechanisms, Ecology, Evolution
      5th Edition. 
       ISBN-13: 978-0070121997    ISBN-10: 0070121990
        (buy used from Amazon)  
  • WWW Resources:  Animal Behavior Course Home Page 
  • Moodle course materials (available only to enrolled students)
  • How to access \\winfile2\biology (available on campus only)
  •    Syllabus for Spring 2018 (pdf to download)
    Animal Behavior 25 April 2012 (last class meeting)Students in Animal Behavior Feb. 2000
    cat bar

    Course Resources are available on CBU's biology shared directory  [Restricted to CBU]
    How to Access the Biology shared Directory [Available only on CBU campus and via VPN]
    • Anyone can access the shared volume from any CBU networked Macintosh or PC on campus that can handle file sharing.  This includes campus-wide wireless access for your laptop as well as all the PCs in the Computer Center, the Science Building, Buckman, the Library, and Nolan Hall.  A person could also connect to this from their CBU dorm room. 
    • Map a network drive (Windows):
      • Open Computer and click map network drive on the menu bar  [If you don't have a shortcut to Computer on the desktop, use the file folder icon to windows explorer.  Then click the help "?" at the upper right of the menu bar and search help for "map network drive".  The help box will display a link and instructions.]
      • • At the Map Network Drive dialog box:
        o Drive:  (just leave whatever drive letter is shown)
        o Type in  Folder: \\winfile2\biology
        o Click this check box:  Connect using different credentials
        o Click  Finish
      • At the Connect As… dialog box:
      • o Type in  User name: cbu\yourusername
        o Password:  your cbu email password (your Active Directory password)
        o Click OK
        If you are using a shared computer, don't forget to Disconnect the mapped drive when you are finished.
      • Macintosh: 
        1. Make sure that you are in finder and not in an application. In the toolbar, the top left hand corner should say "Finder" in bold. If it does not, just click on the desktop background.
        2. Four places over to the right from the word "Finder" in the toolbar it should have the word "Go," click on that and scroll down to the bottom and click on "Connect to server."
        3. A pop up box will appear. In that box you should have a space to type in that says "Server Address." In that space type in the address "smb://winfile2.cbu.edu/biology" and hit connect. You should now be on the Biology Shared Directory.
    • What's Available: Open the Resources folder for your biology course.  Lecture Resources include PowerPoint lecture slides for each course Unit.  Lab Resources include required Digital Images and tutorials sorted by lab topic.

      Animal Behavior Lecture & Presentation Schedule [Mostly OK, but not yet revised for 2018]
      Lecture Topic Links
    Unit 1:

    Unit 1

    Unit 1

    Introduction and History   1

    History and Approaches    2, 11

    Approaches & Methods     3

    Exam 1 
    [Chs. 1, 2, 11 
    (in part) & 3]

    FAP:  Albatross video

    Working elephants video

    Links for Unit 1:
  • Animal Behavior Society   http://animalbehaviorsociety.org/
  • Behavioral Ecology Journal http://beheco.oupjournals.org/current.shtml
  • American Scientist Articles on Animal Behavior http://www.sigmaxi.org/amsci/subject/Beh.html
  • Significance of Animal Behavior Research by Snowden
  • http://www.animalbehavior.org/ABS/Education/valueofanimalbehavior.html
  • Biological Bases of Behavior at Univ. of Plymouth, UK Dr. Paul Kenyon
  • Animal Behavior http://www.flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/
  • Founding fathers  http://www.flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/year1/psy128animal_behaviour/animbeha.htm#founding_fathers
  • Ethological experiments
  • http://flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/year1/psy128ethology_experiments/ethexpt.htm
  • Zebrafish courtship http://pharyngula.org/index/weblog/comments/fish_courtship_and_sex/
  • Dr. Barry  Sinervo’s History and Philosophy of the Study of Animal Behavior Proximate vs. Ultimate Causes, etc. 
  • Evolution and Ethologyfrom U. of Plymouth
  • Characteristics of ethology and experimental animal psychology (U. of Plymouth)
  • Functionalism: http://flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/year1/psy128animal_behaviour/animbeha.htm
  • C. Lloyd Morgan 1903 "An Introduction to Comparative Psychology"  full text
  • Classical conditioning
  • Ethology vs. Comparative Psychology
  • Ethological experiments
  • Supernormal Stimulus   Egg retrieval studies
  • Test Instinct vs. Learning
  • http://flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/year1/psy128animal_behaviour/animbeha.htm#Hailman
  • Baerends and Kruijt (1973) Egg rolling in herring gulls See http://flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/year1/psy128ethology_experiments/ethexpt.htm#Egg%20retrieval
  • Blue-footed Booby Courtship
  • National Geographic (YouTube) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1NAKg46s1DA
  • 29 Jan 2008 (YouTube) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLdC-8nqPog
  • 15 Jan 2008 3:04 (YouTube) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLdC-8nqPog
  • 20 May 2007 3:26 (YouTube) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qqm05nyejBI
  • Lifestyles of Blue-footed Booby National Geographic
  • Abstaining boobies get bluer feet National Geographic
  • Bowerbird behavior 
  • Courtship  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ii2D9Bd5OoE
  • Attenborough  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GPbWJPsBPdA
  • Weaver finch nest building video on You Tube  (FAP example)
  • Courtship FAP 
  • Various birds (Attenborough) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gqsMTZQ-pmE
  • Birds of Paradise (Attenborough)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nS1tEnfkk6M
  • Goldeneye (ducks) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zaD0iwcHmw
  • Hooded merganser  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IrCaXRbruyg
  • Pigeons  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_4pkNspN3s
  • Sticklebacks
  • Courtship display, nestbuilding, etc. (YouTube 9:58)
  • Courtship and display (ARKive)
  • Territorial defense (ARKive
  • Building nest (ARKive)
  • Egg fertilization (ARKive)
  • Video of male response to models
  • Lorenz short biog. http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~rsauzier/Lorenz.html
  • Lorenz info from Univ. Plymouth
  • http://flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/year1/psy128animal_behaviour/animbeha.htm#founding_fathers
  • Hydraulic Model of Motivation
  • http://flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/year1/psy128ethology_experiments/ethexpt.htm#hydraulic_model
  • Tinbergen link  http://nobelprizes.com/nobel/medicine/1973c.html
  • Lorenz link  http://nobelprizes.com/nobel/medicine/1973b.html
  • von Frisch link http://nobelprizes.com/nobel/medicine/1973a.html
  • Photos:  http://flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/year1/psy128animal_behaviour/animbeha.htm#founding_fathers
  • Thorndike (1874-1949) Link to a short biography http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~rsauzier/Thorndike.html
  • "Animal Intelligence" 1911 by Thorndike  full text 
  • Puzzle box video (re-creation of Thorndike's experiment)
  • Pavlov (classical conditioning
  • Operant Conditioning and Behaviorism - an historical outline
  • http://www.biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de/genetics/behavior/learning/behaviorism.html
  • Dr. Robert M. Yerkes
  • http://www.emory.edu/WHSC/YERKES/
  • J. B. Watson (1878-1958) Link to a short biography.  http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~rsauzier/WatsonB.html
  • Operant Conditioning
  • http://www.biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de/genetics/behavior/learning/operant.html
  • B. F. Skinner (link to a short biography)
  • http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~rsauzier/Skinner.html
  • Operant Conditioning and Behaviorism - an historical outline (Discusses the work of Thorndike, Watson, Skinner, etc.)
  • Classical conditioning (illustration and definition) 
  • Factors Determining the Effectiveness of Classical Conditioning.
  • Operant conditioning (Pigeon illustration) 
  • Frank Beach  http://flyfishingdevon.co.uk/salmon/year1/psy128sexual_behaviour/sexbehav.htm
  • Jane Goodall Institute http://www.wcsu.ctstateu.edu/cyberchimp/DRJANE.html
  • Identifying individual animals in the field
  • Sid Gauthreaux and Frank Moore Article 
  • Behavioral Ecology basics (Dr. Ritchison, EKU)
  • Sampling Behavior: Jeanne Altmann  interview
  • Careers in Animal Behavior    Graduate Programs
  • Highly recommended:file:///C:/move/Anna%20Ross/Documents/Animal%20Behavior/0%20U1Anbeh%202018.ppt

    Reading Primary Literature in Biologyhttp://biology.kenyon.edu/Bio_InfoLit/index.html
    Christopher M. Gillen, PhD, Department of Biology, Kenyon College, Gambier, OH 43022 
    Reading Primary Literature in Biology is an online interactive tutorial intended to help students learn to read research articles. .... The tutorial is divided into four lessons that cover general features of research papers.  Lesson 1 describes the basic structure of a research paper, lesson 2 describes the scientific method and INTRODUCTION, lesson 3 describes experimental design and METHODS, and lesson 4 describes how to read a graph and RESULTS.  Each section includes an interactive multiple choice quiz and a homework assignment with short answer questions that refer to a specific scientific paper. 

    The Human Spark (pbs) Program Two -- So human, so chimp (Jan 2010)
    Unit 2:

    Unit 2

    Unit 2

    Genes and 
    Evolution   4

    Evolution of 
    Behavior  4, 5

    Evolution of 
    Patterns  5

    Kin Selection 
    5, 19

    Behavior Genetics   19, 6

    Exam 2 
    [Chs. 4, 5, 19 
    (in part), 6 
    and Reports]

  • Reports included on Exam 2

  • Genetic Causes of Behavior (Sinervo) 
  • Genes, environment, devolment and behavior (Sinervo)
  • Richard Dawkins:  Online articles and interviews:  http://www.spacelab.net/~catalj/articles.htm
  • Unofficial Dawkins web site: http://www.spacelab.net/~catalj/
  • McDonald. 1996. Oxford U. professor preaches Darwinian evolution to skeptics.  The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 29, 1996. http://www.spacelab.net/~catalj/chron.htm
  • Evolution by Natural Selection (Ernst Mayr)    http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/darwinism.html

  • http://moose.uvm.edu/~jdavison/debate.html
  • The Scientific Method and Evidence for Evolution (Dr. Irwin)
  • Understanding the Evolution of Coral Snake Coloration
  • Stephen Jay Gould obituaries New York Times     Washington Post
  • Kin Recognition in Tadpoles (David Pfennig) Photos 
  • Florida Scrub Jays (Jack Hailman)   Florida scrub jay  Scrub Jay Habitat
  • African lion:  Cooperative hunting
  • Evolution and Game Theory
  • Haplodiploidy in social hymenoptera  video
  • Yellow mutant fruit flies and Drosophila courtship behavior (video)
  • Hygienic behavior in honeybees   Diseases: American foulbrood
  • Nesting behavior: Lovebirds http://www.birdtimes.com/breeds/lovebird.shtml
  • The Gene Hunters genetics of memory in fruit flies Watch online  (Sci Amer Frontiers)
  • Heritability in Livestock  http://muextension.missouri.edu/xplor/agguides/ansci/g02910.htm
  • Selection Response and Selection Differential  http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/instruct/mcclean/plsc431/quantgen/qgen7.htm
  • EvoTutor: Heritability  An interactive app:  Choose a method for estimating heritability. Then adjust the parameters to determine the effect on the heritability estimate.  Narrow sense heritability is the proportion of total phenotypic variation that is due to the additive effects of genes. This component of variation is important because it is the only variation that natural selection can act on. Broad sense heritability is the proportion of total phenotypic variation due to all genetic effects.
  • The farm fox experiment
  • Trut LN. Early Canid domestication: The Farm Fox Experiment. American Scientist, 1999; 87: 160-169. PDF Version 
  • Cornell site (with videos) Study of the Molecular Basis of Tame and Aggressive Behavior in the Silver Fox Model
  • Selection for tameness in silver fox YouTube Video (10 min.) Dr. Trut shows the breeding facilities and demonstrates the behavioral differences in the foxes breed for tameness and those not tame.
  • British birdfeeders split blackcaps into two genetically distinct groups:  Report on research by Berthold and current work by Rolshausen.
  • Building a Brainier Mouse (Sci. Amer.)  http://www.sciam.com/2000/0400issue/0400tsien.html

  • Sexual conflict and selection (Dr. Ritchison, EKU)

  • Unit 3:

    Unit 3

    Nervous System 
    and Behavior  7

    Hormones and Behavior   8

    Exam 3 
    [Chs. 7, 8
    and Reports]

    Unit 3 Readings:  Wingfield (see \\facstaff\biology)
    Reports included on Exam 3.
  • Neural basis of sensory perception http://caspar.bgsu.edu/~courses/Ethology/Lectures/Lect_NeuroSenses.htm
  • Octopus learning?  http://www.nwf.org/nationalwildlife/armed.html
  • How smart is the octopus?  (Zimmer article with video)
  • Research on octopus memory (Science Daily 2008)
  • Octopus using coconut shell for protection  Sci Amer blog (with longer video)
  • Cephalove Blog discusses Wells (1964) tactile discrimination in octopus
  • Octopus learning Video clip (Sci. Amer Frontiers 4-25-2000) 
  • Underwater astonishments (TED)
  • Ultrasonic Vocalizations in Behavioral Regulation of Reproductive Behavior in Rodentshttp://www.mcmaster.ca/inabis98/brudzynski/white0360/two.html
  • Sensory systems and Communication (Barry Sinervo) 
  • Vomeronasal Organ http://athena.neuro.fsu.edu/research/vomeronasal/index.htm
  • How the frog uses its Eye http://neurocomputing.org/amphibian_neurobiology/Frog_Retina/body_frog_retina.html
  • Vision and Motion Detectors (Predator/Prey Behavior ) Sinervo
  • Toad vision and tectum http://soma.npa.uiuc.edu/courses/physl341/Lec9_small.html
  • Female praying mantis eats male during copulation  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYp_Xi4AtAQ
  • Mantis article in NYT by Zimmer "This can't be love"
  • Pheromones in mice  ReportFull text (Science 299:1196-1201)  http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/299/5610/1196
  • Bat slow motion video (Nature)
  • Bats vs. Moths: http://galliform.psy.mq.edu.au/psy_105/neuroethology.html
  • How do Bats Work:  http://www.howstuffworks.com/bat2.htm
  • Remote Controlled Rats http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A18261-2002May1.html
  • More on Remore controlled Rats  (May 2002) http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2002/05/02/MN47924.DTL
  • Cognitive scientists pose seed-storage puzzles to birds as a way of sorting out how their brains work and might resemble our own. (Sci. News Feb. '04)
  • Crow tool-making behavior http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TtmLVP0HvDg
  • Enriched environments for lab animals influence experimental results

  • Unit 4:

    Unit 4

    Communication   12
    Aggression    16

    Exam 4  [Chs. 12, 16, and Reports]

    Tentacled snake video

    Reports included on Exam 4
  • Honeybee dance "language"
  • Bees learning to detect explosives
  • Societies of Ants and Honeybees Thomas Seeley and Mark Moffett
  • Sounds of Marine Animals http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/blueplanet/sounds/sounds.html
  • Whale song (Rower Payne) Nature http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/humpback/song.html
  • Vocal Communication in birds http://www.biology.eku.edu/RITCHISO/birdcommunication.html
  • Sensory systems and Communication (Barry Sinervo)
  • Chimps teach tools use http://www.nando.net/healthscience/story/411820p-3280109c.html
  • Dr. Anne Pusey on Chimp behavior
  • Teaching and learning among non-human animals (with videos)
  • Evolution of communication signals (ritualization, etc.) Caterpillar anal scaping video.  Publication in Nature
  • Avian Visual Cognition http://www.pigeon.psy.tufts.edu/avc/toc.htm
  • Aggression and Honest Signals 

  • http://galliform.psy.mq.edu.au/psy_105/communication5.html
  • Song Learning in White-crowned Sparrows  http://blb.biosci.ohio-state.edu/wccontent.html
  • Butterfly larvae dupe ants by producing smell that mimics ant larvae 
  • Kin Recognition Links (ground squirrrels, etc.)   http://www.sciencenews.org/20020330/fob7ref.asp
  • Communication and Social Order in a Wolf Pack  http://www.ualberta.ca/~jzgurski/wcomm.html
  • Hyenas:  Zimmer article in NYT about Holekamp's work
  • Article in Smithsonian (with videos) "hyenas turn out to be protective parents and accomplished hunters. And new research is revealing that their social status may even be determined in the womb" 
  • Dogs: 
  • Discovery News Videos: News: Dogs Read Gestures Like Toddlers
  • Dogs respond to human gestures (youtube)
  • Here's a summary of this study (Lakatos)
  • Studies of canine cognition at Duke Univ. (Brian Hare)
  • Unit 5:

    Unit 5

    Reproduction  17

    Mating Systems 
    17, 18

    Investment   18

    Exam 5 
    [Chs. 17, 18, 
    and Reports]

    Unit 5 Readings: Marjerus 1986 Ecol and Evol.
    Reports included on Exam 5
  • Sexual Selection (Dr. Irwin)
  • Sexual conflict and selection (Dr. Ritchison, EKU)
  • Parental Investment (Dr. Ritchison, EKU)
  • Chimps R Us (Scientific American Frontiers):  Chimp nations, chimps getting along, cognitive abilities 
  • Dr. Anne Pusey on Chimp behavior
  • Attractiveness, Female and Male Choice  (New York Times)
  • Widowbirds:  Sexual selection case study Part I  http://www.sciencecases.org:80/widowbirds/widowbirds.asp
  • Part II—Truth In Advertising
  • Part III—The Handicap Hypothesis
  • Part IV—Longer Tails in a Short-Tailed Species
  • Book Review;  Zuk What we can & can't learn about sex from animals (New York Times)  http://www.nytimes.com/2002/07/14/books/review/14EAKINT.html
  • :-)  The Courtship of the Newt (Robert Benchley, 1938)
  • Avian Visual Cognition http://www.pigeon.psy.tufts.edu/avc/toc.htm
  • Elephant seals Attenborough http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fQI5KUfM2xc
  • Article in Smithsonian  Elephant seals descend on California beaches for breeding season 
  • How male Bowerbirds attact mates  (Science News 2000)
  • Courtship  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ii2D9Bd5OoE
  • Attenborough  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GPbWJPsBPdA
  • Creaturecast:  Picky females
  • Postcopulatory sperm selection in guppies. (The Scientist 2003)
  • Pregnant male Pipefish abort offspring from unattractive females
  • Susan Savage-Rumbaugh on apes (a TED talk)
  • Gorilla researchers become conservation activists
  • Hummingbird nest:  photos follow the nest and nestlings
    Live Animal Cams (streaming video)
      Please noteExam dates will not be changed unless the majority of the class agrees. There may be minor changes in the scheduling of lecture topics.

    |Back to Contents|
    Galapagos photo by Anna Ross
    "There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having originally been breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, 
    from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved."
    Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species by Natural Selection
    Student Responsibilities



    • You are responsible for all information presented during lecture, during class discussions, and presentations by fellow students.  Additionally, you are responsible for all material covered in the reading assignments and in class handouts prepared by the professor and by your fellow students.  Lecture-Discussion attendance is required.  Attendance at exams is required.  If you miss class for any reason you are expected to inform me and you are responsible for making up the missed work on your own time.  Unexcused absences will lower your grade.  Excessive absences are grounds for automatic failure.
    •  You will need to read the assigned material before you come to class.  You will need your textbook and Supplement with you during most class meetings.  Your active participation in class presentations and discussions will be expected.  A cooperative and open atmosphere is expected during class meetings.  Students are encouraged to study together.  The classroom will be open for extra review during posted hours.
    Exams, Reports, and Grading
    • Your grade will be determined by your own achievement. There is no curve.
    • Grading scale: 90.0-100% = A, 80.0-89.9% = B, 70.0-79.9% = C, 60.0-69.9% = D, below 60.0% = F.
      • An honor system is in effect for all exams. It is considered a violation of the CBU Code of Conduct to receive or give assistance during an examination. Exams are returned, but students may not keep exam questions.
      • In this course, the use of old examinations is considered a violation of the CBU Code of Conduct and is grounds for automatic failure.
      Makeup lecture exams will only be available under extraordinary circumstances.
      If you miss an exam without prior arrangement or fail to notify me within one hour of the scheduled class time to arrange a specific time for a make up exam, you will not be eligible for a makeup exam and you will receive a zero for the missed exam. 
    Five exams will be given.  Each exam will count 100 points.  No exam may be dropped.  Makeup exams will only be available under extraordinary circumstances.  If you miss an exam without prior arrangement and fail to notify me before noon the day of the scheduled exam time to arrange a specific time for a make up exam, you will not be eligible for a makeup exam and you will receive a zero for the missed exam.  Ordinarily, no makeup exams are granted and a student will be allowed no more than one makeup exam for the course.  Ordinarily, a makeup exam must be completed prior to the next meeting of the class.  If you need special consideration, please ask.
    Exams will cover the topics indicated on the attached schedule unless specific changes are announced in class.  Each exam will cover material from lecture, Reports prepared by fellow students, class presentations, discussions, handouts, reading assignments, and the text.  Exams will consist of objective, short answer, and specific essay questions.  Exam questions will always require detailed and precise responses employing the specialized terminology introduced in the course and answers may occasionally require well-labeled diagrams.  Note:  Exam dates will not be changed unless the majority of the class agrees.  Changes in the class schedule may be announced in class.  Topics not listed on the schedule may be covered by Reports.

    Presentations:  One short presentation (study guide) will be required during the semester.  All presentations slides/study guides are to be distributed to each member of the class, submitted digitally, as well as turned in to me.  Students will select subject areas related to the topics covered in the course textbook.  Each presentation will be succinct but detailed and will focus on only one specific topic.  A Report should be an analysis of one or two papers published in scientific journals or book. The goal is that the presentation will serve as a detailed and specific study guide for enrichment on a course topic.  Exams will include material covered in presentations. 

    Point Distribution for the Course:
     Exam 1   100 pts.       Presentation   50 (20 for Draft, 30 for presentation)
     Exam 2   100 
     Exam 3   100
     Exam 4   100
     Exam 5   100 
            TOTAL     550 points
      |Back to Contents
    Course Resources are available on CBU's biology shared directory  [Restricted to CBU]
    • With the student PC's in AH 107:  to use the image files on \\facstaff\biology the recommended image browser is ACDSee (ACDSee is  installed on all the biology lab PC’s).
    • How to Access the Biology shared Directory [Available only on CBU campus]
      • Anyone can access the shared volume from any CBU networked PC on campus that can handle file sharing.  This includes campus-wide wireless access for your laptop as well as all the PCs in the Computer Center, the Science Building, Buckman, the Library, and Nolan Hall.  A person could also connect to this from their CBU dorm room. 
      • Map a network drive:

      • • Open Windows Explorer
        • Pull down the Tools menu
        • Select Map network drive
        • At the Map Network Drive dialog box:
          o Drive:  (just leave whatever drive letter is shown)
          o Type in  Folder: \\facstaff\biology
          o Click this link:  Connect using a different user name
          o Click  Finish
        • At the Connect As… dialog box:
          o type in  User name: cbu\yourusername
          o Password:  your cbu email password (your Active Directory password)
          o Click OK
    • What's Available: Open the Resources folder for this course.  Lecture Resources include PowerPoint lecture slides for each course Unit as well as  student reports and ppt presentations. 
    • The image files will load quickly from within the CBU Network.  These files are NOT designed to be accessed via modem! 
    • You do not need to save copies of the images or PowerPoint slides!  They will be on \\facstaff\biology the next time you need them.
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    Dr. Anna E. Ross, Professor Emerita of Biology, Christian Brothers University
    e-mail: aross@cbu.edu
    A.E.R.'s Home Page  http://www.cbu.edu/~aross